In the 1990s the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) completed a number of system analyses investigating consolidated interim storage as a part of the waste management solution. These analyses are “dated” and do not reflect the present situation regarding at-reactor used nuclear fuel (UNF) management, alternatives for away from reactor management of used nuclear fuel, and alternatives for the ultimate disposal of UNF.
[EnergySolutions] Task Order 12: Standardized Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister Feasibility Study
This report documents the concepts, feasibility, advantages, disadvantages and recommendations for STAD canister systems developed by EnergySolutions and its team of partners: NAC International, Talisman International, Booz Allen Hamilton, TerranearPMC, Exelon Nuclear Partners and Sargent & Lundy, hereafter referred to as “the Team”.
Under Task 12 of the industry Advisory and Assistance (A&A) Contract to the Department of
Energy (DOE) DE-NE0000291, the AREVA Team has conducted a systems engineering (SE)
evaluation in accordance with DOE order 413.b in which we evaluated the alternatives for
developing a Standard Transportation, Aging, and Disposal (STAD) canister for handling used
nuclear fuel (UNF) stored and generated at United States (U.S.) reactor sites. The study, based
on specific criteria and requirements for the U.S., considered numerous credible canister options
This report documents an initial evaluation of integrating standardized canisters into the nuclear waste management system, which is an intermediate step in the quantitative assessment of standardization. This is a technical report that does not take into account the contractual limitations under the Standard Contract (10 CFR Part 961) that DOE has in place with nuclear utilities. Under the Standard Contract, DOE is obligated to accept only bare UNF. Acceptance of canistered UNF would require a mutual agreement to modify the contract.
This manual discusses the routines to estimate radiological doses from normal operations used in
Version 6.0 of the Total System Model (TSM) as described in the TSM User Manual prepared
for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) by Bechtel SAIC Company (BSC) (BSC 2007a). The
TSM estimates doses during the simulation of the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management
System (CRWMS) mission. The TSM is not intended to provide a robust dose evaluation tool
and should only be used for relative comparisons of scenarios to general understand if doses are
The Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) Total System Model (TSM) is
a planning tool that estimates the logistic and cost impacts of various operational assumptions in
accepting radioactive wastes. Waste forms currently tracked are commercial spent nuclear fuel
(CSNF), Department of Energy (DOE) Spent Nuclear Fuel (DOE SNF), and High-Level
(radioactive) Waste (HLW). The TSM and associated programs analyze and simulate the actions
for waste acceptance from discharge until emplacement.
The purpose of this validation is to compare TSM simulation results using the manually calculated work orders (WO) for the transportation cask fleet to simulation results using an automated WO algorithm developed to estimate the cask fleet.
The Total System Model (TSM) is a planning tool that estimates the logistic and cost impacts of
various operational assumptions in accepting radioactive wastes. Waste forms currently tracked
are Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel (CSNF), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) spent nuclear
fuel (DOE SNF), and defense high-level (radioactive) waste (HLW). The TSM uses a TSM
Preprocessor (TSMPP) to generate the cask loads and target dates for shipments from waste
sites. The TSM then tracks these wastes from pickup at the waste sites until repository
This validation report supports the issuance of the Total System Model (TSM) Version 6.0 (Bechtel SAIC, LLC (BSC) 2007a) that is described in the TSM User Manual (UM) (BSC 2007b) and the TSM Pre-Processor (TSMPP) UM (BSC 2007c), and other supporting documentation in References BSC 2007d, BSC 2007e, 2007f, and 2007g. This report assumes the reader has detailed, working knowledge of the TSM functions and Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) operations.
The Total System Model Preprocessor (TSMPP) is a part of the Total System Model (TSM),
which is a PC-based simulator that is a decision aid to achieve overall Office of Civilian
Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) disposal objectives. The TSMPP combines
information about existing conditions, such as waste inventory estimates and site capabilities,
with projections of future conditions, such as projected waste discharges and expected cask
capabilities, to provide a waste shipment schedule that is input to the TSM. The TSM then uses